Around the world, victims of infectious disease during treatment at the hospital suspected continues to grow. Estimated to kill more even than the HIV virus causes AIDS. A new study says, 48,000 people annually in the USA died because of it, mostly because of blood poisoning or pneumonia. Hospital infections are the most common nosocomial infection.
The estimated one-third from 1.7 million infections in the USA is a nosocomial infection. In developing countries, estimated at more than 40% of patients in hospital nosocomial infection. While cases of infection worldwide is estimated to hit 9% on average from 1.4 million in-patients.
Infection-related health care facilities is a serious challenge, because it can cause death, either directly or indirectly, and make patients hospitalized longer and cost more expensive. Patients who come in a state of severe need longer treatment, thus requiring more invasive measures (measures that enter through the skin or body cavity). Lack of durability and tendency these invasive measures facilitate the entry of germs that cause infection.
Ramanan Laxminarayan PhD, MPH, a senior member of the research institute Resources for the Future in Washington DC, USA who conducted the study stated the majority of these infections originated from the use of a catheter and ventilator. Researchers from Johns Hopkins University, Peter J Pronovost, MD, PhD, who is an expert about hospital infection showed that only by noting a simple security procedures in hospitals that have been fulfilled, and the emphasis on teamwork and a solid start from subordinates as a nurse's aide to top leaders, such as senior surgeon, the rate of patients with hospital infection can be reduced to almost zero cases.
You are now visiting the hospital can also do much to prevent the incidence of deadly infections that landed on your body. Pronovost mention a few things that can help you decide which hospital to choose:
1. Ask a doctor at the hospital what level of infection that attacks the blood vessels (there should be or below of one infection per 1000 catheter per day).
2. Ask if the hospital has been participating with this infection prevention program.
3. Ask also what any preconditions simple security procedures in hospitals that have met and who have not.
4. Ask also whether there were medical personnel wash their hands before entering patient rooms.
5. If you use a catheter, inform the nurse if you feel you do not need it anymore because the catheter is very prone to infection.
Laxminarayan called on the government of a country, particularly the USA to not underestimate this and immediately put together a program that serious efforts to prevent and sporadic as well as anti-AIDS campaign. No one can deny that the patient to hospital should be at minimal risk. Many of these infections can be prevented.